Patrick De Gabriele

Travel consultant focused on cultural travel in the Middle East & Mediterranean

Turkey

The Turkish Flag

The Turkish Flag

New Mosque, Istanbul

New Mosque, Istanbul

The magnificent city of Istanbul was for centuries the bridge between East and West, the centre of three empires, and the hub of a confident civilisation that respects its past. Our tour usually starts at the Hippodrome (the ancient centre of the Hellenic city) with the nearby Blue Mosque, famous throughout the world as an example of imperial Ottoman architecture; and Aya Sofya, for centuries the greatest church in Christendom and now a respectful museum. The Topkapi palace complex was the heart of the Ottoman administration, and the beautifully tended complex now impresses visitors with the splendour of imperial life. Our taste for shopping is well taken care of in the exotic Grand Bazaar.

Sirince

Sirince

After paying our respects at the beautiful and sombre sites of Gallipoli, we¬† head to Homer’s Troy, where our European civilization began, then down the Aegean coast to the most spectacular of Roman cities at Ephesus. This region of Turkey was important to the Greeks and later the Romans, and they left us some magnificent sites – in addition to Ephesus, we visit the dramatic hill-top acropolis of Pergamum, and the beautifully preserved ancient theatre at Aspendos, still used for an annual opera and ballet festival.

Ephesus

Ephesus

Our quest for culture and history is not allowed to get in the way of enjoying the marvellous Aegean coast. The modern city of Antalya is perfect for relaxation, and we usually manage a half-day boat cruise (and a swim, if weather permits). And this being Turkey, Antalya happens to have a jewel of an archaeological museum with a unique collection of Roman sculpture.

Turkey often feels like several countries in one – from the Mediterranean atmosphere of the Aegean coast, we turn to the dry inland of Anatolia with its distinct air of Asia Minor. Our destination is Konya,the ancient capital of the Seljuks, set in a high and bleak plain. The main attraction for us is the Mevlana Museum, burial place of Rumi, the mystic and founder of the “Whirling Dervish” sect of Islam. The Dervishes, who espouse a philosophy of spiritual union and universal love, always make visitors very welcome at their services.

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Cappadocia balloons

The jewel of Anatolia is the Cappadocia region, with its extraordinary “fairy chimney” landscapes and clusters of early Christian chapels and monasteries cut into the soft rock. The Goreme Open-Air Museum, declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO, dates from the 9th century on; and this cultural wonder is carefully tended by the Turkish government. A great way of appreciating this remarkable landscape is with an early morning¬†balloon flight (optional, of course).

Whirling Dervishes

Whirling Dervishes

Antalya

Antalya